Bubonic plague symptoms- Bubonic Plague is a bacterial infection that is transmitted primarily by fleas. The organism that causes plague is Yersinia pestis which lives in small rodents found in rural and semi-rural areas of Africa, Asia, and the USA. The Plague is transmitted to humans who are bitten by fleas who have fed on infected rodents or by humans coming in contact with infected animals.
In History Black Death killed around 50 million people, today plague occurs in 5,000 people a year worldwide. It can be deadly, if not treated with antibiotics. The deadliest form of plague can affect the lungs and it can be spread from one person to another person.
Bubonic plague Symptoms are divided into three main types, bubonic, septicemic, and pneumonic, depending on part of your body is involved.
Bubonic plague is the most common type. It is named after the swollen lymph nodes (buboes) that typically develop in the first week once you become infected. Buboes can be:
- Situated in the groin, armpit or neck
- About the size of a chicken egg
- Tender and firm to the touch
- The sudden rise of fever and chills
- Fatigue or malaise
- Muscle aches
Septicemic plague can occur when bacteria multiply in your bloodstream. Common Signs and symptoms include:
- Fever and chills
- Extreme weakness
- Abdominal pain, diarrhea, and vomiting
- Bleeding from your mouth, nose or rectum, or under your skin
- Blackening and death of tissue (gangrene) in your extremities, most commonly your fingers, nose, and toes.
Pneumonic plague affects the lungs. It is rare variety of plague but the most dangerous because it can spread from one person to another person via cough droplets.
Signs and symptoms can begin within a few hours after infected, and may include:
- Cough, with bloody mucus (sputum)
- Difficulty in breathing
- Nausea and vomiting
- High fever
- Chest pain
Pneumonic plague progresses rapidly and can cause respiratory failure. Pneumonic plague has to be treated with antibiotics within a day after signs and symptoms first appear, or the infected person will likely be dead.
The plague bacteria, Yersinia pestis, is transmitted to humans through bites of fleas that have previously fed on infected animals.
- Prairie dogs
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