India’s renewable energy park

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will be laying the foundation stone for the world’s largest renewable solar and wind energy park in Gujarat’s Kutch.

On December 15, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will travel to Kutch to lay the foundation stone for a 30,000 MW (megawatt) hybrid renewable energy park close to the Indo-Pak border in Kutch district. The project is billed as the largest of its kind in the world.

With the Government of India committing itself to installing 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022, the Gujarat government identified 1,00,000 hectares of wasteland near Khavda, 72 km north of Bhuj, close to the international border with Pakistan in Kutch, for an energy park.

In April 2020, after taking into consideration the requirements of the defense forces, the Ministry of Defence (MoD) gave its approval to use 72,600 hectares of the identified land to build the park.

  • The renewable park will have two zones: one will exclusively contain Wind Park and the other will be a hybrid consisting of both solar and wind parks.
  • The land in the park is allotted to different energy developers who will install structures according to their demand. This will be both winds as well as solar.

The project will be located between Khavda village and Vighakot. The project site is about 25 km from Khavda, which is the last point that can be accessed by civilians in the area.

The exclusive wind park zone will come up within 1-6 km of the international border. The hybrid park zone will be located 6 km from the border. The Border Security Force is already present in the area.

“This site has been chosen because this is a complete wasteland. Secondly, if you put windmills near the border, they also act as a boundary. The MoD gave clearance for 72,600 hectares in April this year,” Sunaina Tomar, additional chief secretary, Energy and Petrochemicals Department, Gujarat, said.

energy park

Who will set up the wind and solar projects in this park?

The state government, after inviting applications, has allocated land to six developers. For the hybrid park zone, the land has been allotted to Adani Green Energy Ltd (19,000 ha), Sarjan Realities Ltd (Suzlon, 9,500 ha), NTPC Ltd (9,500 ha), Gujarat Industries Power Company Ltd (4,750 ha), and Gujarat State Electricity Corporation (6,650 ha).

Adani Green will install capacity of 9,500 MW; Sarjan Realities, 4,750 MW; GIPCL, 2,375 MW; GSECL, 3,325 MW; and NTPC, 4,750 MW. The entire 23,000 ha at the exclusive wind zone park has been allotted to Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) to set up wind projects under the competitive bidding route policy.

“The selected developers have to develop 50 percent of the total generation capacity in the next three years, and finish the project in five years,” Tomar said. PowerGrid Corporation of India will evacuate the power produced at this park.

How will construction take place in a zone that has BSF and Army installations?

The BSF and Army installations are beyond the India bridge manned by the BSF.

“An 18-km road will be built by the state public works department. It will bypass India bridge and provide access to the project. Also, the existing road that leads from India bridge to Vighakot is being strengthened and widened,” a state government official said.

There is a number of “no-go zones” around the project that belong to either the Army or the BSF.

What is the current renewable energy capacity of Gujarat?

The current peak power requirement of Gujarat is 18,000 MW. Out of the state’s installed power generation capacity of 30,500 MW, renewable energy forms 37 per cent or 11,264 MW. This includes 7,845 MW of wind, 3,273 MW of solar, 81.6 MW biomass, and 63.33 MW mini-hydro projects.

There has been a 10-fold increase in renewable energy capacity from 1,170 MW in 2008 to 11,264 MW in 2020.

energy park

India’s renewable energy targets

  • As of now, 38% of India’s installed electricity generation capacity is from renewable sources (136 GW out of 373 GW).
  • In the Paris Agreement India had committed to an Intended Nationally Determined Contributions target of achieving 40% of its total electricity generation from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.
  • The country is aiming for an even more ambitious target of 57% of the total electricity capacity from renewable sources by 2027. 
  • According to the 2027 blueprint, India aims to have 275 GW from renewable energy, 72 GW of hydroelectricity, 15 GW of nuclear energy, and nearly 100 GW from “other zero emission” sources.
  • The government of India has also set a target for the installation of Rooftop Solar Projects (RTP) of 40 GW by 2022 including installation on rooftop houses.
  • The government target of installing 20 GW of solar power by 2022 but it was achieved four years ahead of schedule in January 2018, through both solar parks as well as roof-top solar panels.
  • India then set a new target of achieving 100 GW of solar power, 60GW of wind power, 10GW of biomass, and 5GW of small hydro power by 2022.
  • Three of the top five largest solar parks worldwide are in India including the second-largest solar park in the world at Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh, with a capacity of 1000 MW. The world’s largest solar power plant, Bhadla Solar Park is in Rajasthan with a capacity of 2255 MW.

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