National Anthem of India

The National Anthem of India is entitled ‘Jana Gana Mana’. National Anthem refers to a musical composition that has been selected by an authorized government body and is meant to represent a country’s patriotic ethos. The national anthem presents a country’s identity to the world and it acts as an instrument of unity among its citizens. 

The National Anthem of India is entitled ‘Jana Gana Mana’. The parent song, ‘Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata’ is a Brahmo hymn that has five verses and only the first verse has been adopted as National Anthem. If put forwards succinctly, the National Anthem conveys the spirit of pluralism or in more popular terms the concept of ‘Unity in Diversity’, which lies at the core of India’s cultural heritage. 

jana gana mana

Lyrics in English

Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he






Tava shubha name jage, 

Tava shubha asisa mage, 

Gahe tava jaya gatha, 

Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he 


Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he, Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he! 

Lyrics in Hindi

जन गण मन अधिनायक जय हे
भारत भाग्य विधाता।

पंजाब सिन्ध गुजरात मराठा
द्रविड़ उत्कल बंग।

विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा
उच्छल जलधि तरंग।

तव शुभ नामे जागे
तव शुभ आशीष मागे।

गाहे तव जयगाथा।

जन गण मंगलदायक जय हे
भारत भाग्य विधाता।

जय हे, जय हे, जय हे
जय जय जय जय हे॥

Title: Jana Gana Mana

Music by: Rabindranath Tagore

Lyrics by: Rabindranath Tagore

Raga: Alhiya Bilawal

Written on: December 11, 1911

First sung on: December 27, 1911

Declared as National Anthem on: January 24, 1950

Time to play: 52 seconds

Underlying message: Pluralism/Unity in Diversity

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