The 2020 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded jointly to Roger Penrose from Britain, Reinhard Genzel from Germany and Andrea Ghez from the US for making discoveries that have shaped our modern understanding of the universe and black holes.
Half the prize went to Roger Penrose, “for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity,” the committee said on its website. Using mathematical models, Penrose proved that the formation of black holes was possible, relying solely on Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity.
The other half of the prize was split between Genzel and Ghez, for discovering “that an invisible and extremely heavy object governs the orbits of stars at the center of our galaxy,” the note continued.
About Roger Penrose
- Roger Penrose, born 1931 in Colchester, UK
- PhD. 1957 from the University of Cambridge, UK
- Professor at the University of Oxford, UK
About Reinhard Genzel
- Reinhard Genzel, born 1952 in Bad Homburg vor der Hohe, Germany
- PhD. 1978 from University of Bonn, Germany
- Director at Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, Germany and Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, USA
About Andrea Ghez
- Andrea Ghez, born 1965 in City of New York, USA
- PhD. 1992 from California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA
- Professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, USA
The Nobel Assembly announced the prize at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm.
On Monday, three medical scientists – Harvey J Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M Rice – were awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology for discovering the hepatitis C virus.
The Nobel Committee said the three scientists had “made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives.”
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