What is Robotics and its Advantages and Disadvantages

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What is Robot?

Since the invention of computer, human civilization has developed automation technology.  The result of which is in front of us.  Today, computer programmed machines have come to do most of the human work in many areas.

 This is the reason that Robotics has now become an independent branch of Engineering.  Now a lot of research work is being done on robots.  Because this is the technology of the future.  Did robots bring you tea to wake you up in the morning yesterday?

In this article, we are giving information about Robotics.  For the convenience of the study, we have divided this article into the following parts.

 The science and study of robots are robotic.

 If you expand this Robotic Definition (in Hindi), then the definition of Robotic will be as follows,

 Robotics is a study branch of engineering in which robotics are designed to study concept, design, manufacturing and operation.  This branch also includes electronic, computer science, nanotechnology, macatronics, biotechnology and artificial intelligence.

 The word Robotic comes from Robot, introduced by Czech writer Karel Capek in his play R. U. R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots).  The play was published in 1920.

 The original Robot word comes from Robota, a Czech word meaning “laborer”.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the term robotic was first brought into publication by Isaac Asimov with his science fantasy short-story “Liar”.  The author in his short story “Runaround” also gave three popular theories of robotics, known as Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics, which are still relevant today.

Robots should not harm humans.

Robots should follow the instructions of humans without first disobeying the rules.

Robots must protect themselves without disregarding other rules.

 One meaning of robotic is also attached to Automation, but automation is one of its features.  While robotic is a large area.

Aspects of Robotic

Different types of robots are available today.  Which are used to do different tasks in different environments.  However, three basic things are used to build a military robot and a medical robot.

 That is, only one type of instruments and principle is used in the manufacture of all types of robots.

 Mechanical construction

 Electronic Construction


 Mechanical construction

All robots are designed in a particular shape, shape so that a specific goal can be achieved.  Because you would not want to use a chicken-shaped robot to swim in water.  Only a fish-shaped robot can perform this task appropriately.

Electronic Construction

“Electricity” is required to operate and control a robotic machine.  Therefore electronic mechanisms are also found in all robots.  A robot equipped with petrol or other fuels also relies on echelonics to operate.


To get the robot to do a particular task, first he has to tell about that task.  Only then is he able to do that work.  Robots are given the necessary instructions to do a particular task through “computer programming”.  Only after this programming, the robot becomes intelligent enough to decide when, what and how to do it.

 Robots are programmed in three ways (intelligent making process).

Remote Control – In this technique some commands are programmed into the machine.  Whom the robot executes only after receiving an order from the controller.  Humans use a remote control for implementation.  Therefore it is also called remote controlling programs.

 Artificial Intelligent – Robots with AI programming get entangled with the environment themselves and decide themselves on the problems and obstacles to come.  They are not controlled by humans.  The robot decides when, what and how to do it.  Artificial intelligence is used in robots for this purpose.

 Hybrid – AI and RC mixed programming is called hybrid programming.

 Use of Robotics – Applications of Robotics

 Special robots are made for one type of task.  Such as flying robots are called Flying Robot or Drones.  They only fly and cannot walk on the ground.  This robot would be unsuitable for other tasks.

 Based on this, we can determine the working area of ​​the robot.  And in real life their use can be identified.  Currently, they are being used more for risky and beyond human activities.

Military robots

 They are being used for military work such as transport, research work, rescue work and attack.  Nowadays there is also talk of Robotic Soldiers.  The day is not far when these robotic soldiers are seen gunning the borders.  They are also used in India.  Daksh, a military robot made by DRDO.  Which is being used to bomb blast.

        Industrial robots

Robots have been in use in production operations for many decades.  Auto industry has become dependent on robots for more than 50 percent.  IBM’s keyboard production unit has been operated by robots since 2003.  It is making us more suitable than humans for less expensive, irrational and risk free labor factories than human labor.  For this reason, they are being used most in the production sector.

 Construction robots

 They are also being used extensively in manufacturing.  The 3-D printer is its most practical example.  Through which Netherlands country has created history by building the world’s first 3-D printer bridge.  Apart from this, Demolish Robots are also very popular for cocrint work.  And automatic machines are used to carry the burden.

 Agricultural Robots

 Their use in agriculture is still new.  And currently they are being used in labor works like sowing.  But sowing, plowing, harvesting, crop information as per weather forecast, spraying of pesticides with drones etc. are taking place in future womb.

In the medical field, robots are being used for complex and life-threatening tasks such as surgery.  In Japan, a robotic system called HOSPI (developed by Panasonic) is used for hospital delivery.  The Da Vinci Surgical System is used in the US for surgery.

 Nanorobots are also being developed which have the ability to destroy the inner cells and cancerous microbes by entering inside the human body.

Sport Robots

It is common in tennis games to use a robotic machine for marking on the field.  But nowadays, robots are being used for field marking in many sports.  In cricket, robotic players are used a lot to throw balls to players.  Similarly, the trend is increasing for other works also.

Other Robots

 In addition to the robots described above, kitchen robots, domestic robots, nanorobots, etc. are also being used.  The day is not far when a robot will be lifting your bed.  Robots have already started to serve food in many hotels.

 Additional Information

 What is a robot?

 A robot is an automatic computer programmed machine that is capable of understanding the environment and is able to make decisions based on real world problems and constraints.

 What is Robotics?

 The study of robots is robotic.  It is a branch of engineering that studies and researches robot concept, design, production and operation.  It also includes computer science, biotechnology, artificial intelligence, nanotechnology, electronic.

 What is the difference between robot and robotics?

 A robot is a machine while a robotics is a study arm in which research and study is done on this automated intelligent machine.  This branch is a subtext of Artificial Intelligence.

 what have you learned?

 In this article, we have given complete information about Robotics.  Did you know what a robot is?  You have also known various aspects of robotics and the field of robotics.  We hope that this article will prove useful to you.

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